Critical review of the use of the projective psychological tests in psychiatric evaluations in European courts as scientific evidence.


This article, published by Igor Areh (A), Fanny Verkampt (B) and Alfred Allan (C), takes a concrete view, through the use of projective tests in the case of F v. Bevándorlási és Állampolgársági Hivatal (2018), of the way psychological techniques and knowledge are used. Underlying the lack of standards on which the international scientific community could rely, the authors propose a series of recommendations dedicated to expert psychologists working in the judicial field.



(A) – Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security, University of Maribor, Ljubljana, Slovenia;  (B) – CLLE, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, Toulouse, France; (C) School of Arts and Humanities, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Australia.

Judgment of the Court (Third Chamber) of 25 January 2018